第五章 各民族管理控制偏好实证研究(二)

3不同年龄对业绩评价偏好的影响。第二组至第七组的业绩评价偏好描述性结果如表12所示,各组之间的方差分析如表13所示。13显示,业绩评价10个变量中,不同年龄的偏好差异只出现在业绩评价参与性,中间年龄段的对业绩评价参与性的偏好显著高于其他年龄段。

12 不同年龄的业绩评价偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

js

2

25

2.5200

.82260

.16452

1.00

4.00

 

3

51

2.5490

.80781

.11312

1.00

4.00

 

4

68

2.7059

.82965

.10061

1.00

4.00

 

5

75

2.5600

.82593

.09537

1.00

4.00

 

6

79

2.6709

.81211

.09137

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.5185

.70002

.13472

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.6116

.80580

.04456

1.00

5.00

zyl

2

25

2.4800

.87178

.17436

1.00

4.00

 

3

51

2.5686

.80635

.11291

1.00

4.00

 

4

68

2.5147

.92224

.11184

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

2.6000

.83827

.09680

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

2.6456

.90636

.10197

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.4815

.75296

.14491

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.5719

.85813

.04745

1.00

5.00

jc

2

25

2.3600

.86023

.17205

1.00

3.00

 

3

51

2.5294

.80878

.11325

1.00

4.00

 

4

68

2.5000

.76295

.09252

1.00

4.00

 

5

75

2.6267

.85065

.09822

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

2.6582

.84559

.09514

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.2963

.82345

.15847

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.5474

.82338

.04553

1.00

5.00

hf

2

25

3.0800

1.03763

.20753

1.00

5.00

 

3

51

3.4706

.80878

.11325

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

3.4118

1.04002

.12612

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

3.3867

1.05130

.12139

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

3.2911

.90797

.10215

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.9630

.89792

.17281

1.00

4.00

 

8

2

3.5000

.70711

.50000

3.00

4.00

 

Total

327

3.3242

.96827

.05355

1.00

5.00

jg

2

25

3.6800

1.28193

.25639

1.00

5.00

 

3

51

3.4510

.87895

.12308

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

3.4853

.95406

.11570

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

3.6133

.80360

.09279

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

3.3418

.93213

.10487

1.00

6.00

 

7

27

3.1852

1.03912

.19998

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.4679

.94222

.05210

1.00

6.00

xw

2

25

3.1600

1.02794

.20559

1.00

5.00

 

3

51

3.1373

.95958

.13437

1.00

4.00

 

4

68

3.1471

.93465

.11334

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

3.3867

.92843

.10721

2.00

5.00

 

6

79

3.3671

.90833

.10219

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

3.3704

1.18153

.22739

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.2783

.95878

.05302

1.00

5.00

zg

2

25

2.8800

.66583

.13317

1.00

4.00

 

3

51

2.7255

.80196

.11230

1.00

4.00

 

4

68

2.7500

.81726

.09911

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

2.8000

.80539

.09300

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

2.8101

.84847

.09546

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.4815

.89315

.17189

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.7615

.81285

.04495

1.00

5.00

kg

2

25

2.2800

.97980

.19596

1.00

4.00

 

3

51

2.7059

.92291

.12923

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

2.5588

.83545

.10131

1.00

4.00

 

5

75

2.5867

.85572

.09881

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

2.5570

.88791

.09990

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.4815

.97548

.18773

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.5627

.88696

.04905

1.00

5.00

yjpjcy

2

25

1.8000

.95743

.19149

1.00

4.00

 

3

51

2.5686

.90011

.12604

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

2.4853

.80098

.09713

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

2.4933

.68524

.07912

1.00

3.00

 

6

79

2.3671

.89410

.10059

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.1111

.84732

.16307

1.00

3.00

 

Total

327

2.3914

.85065

.04704

1.00

5.00

yjgt

2

25

1.6400

.81035

.16207

1.00

3.00

 

3

51

2.3333

.84063

.11771

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

2.2206

.99018

.12008

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

2.1600

.80606

.09308

1.00

3.00

 

6

79

2.1266

.92497

.10407

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.0370

.93978

.18086

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.1437

.90031

.04979

1.00

5.00

 

13 不同年龄的业绩评价偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

js

Between Groups

2.027

6

.338

.516

.796

Within Groups

209.649

320

.655

 

 

Total

211.676

326

 

 

 

zyl

Between Groups

1.509

6

.252

.337

.917

Within Groups

238.552

320

.745

 

 

Total

240.061

326

 

 

 

jc

Between Groups

4.601

6

.767

1.134

.342

Within Groups

216.414

320

.676

 

 

Total

221.015

326

 

 

 

hf

Between Groups

7.069

6

1.178

1.263

.274

Within Groups

298.570

320

.933

 

 

Total

305.639

326

 

 

 

jg

Between Groups

6.727

6

1.121

1.269

.271

Within Groups

282.686

320

.883

 

 

Total

289.413

326

 

 

 

xw

Between Groups

5.310

6

.885

.962

.451

Within Groups

294.366

320

.920

 

 

Total

299.676

326

 

 

 

zg

Between Groups

2.955

6

.492

.742

.616

Within Groups

212.440

320

.664

 

 

Total

215.394

326

 

 

 

kg

Between Groups

3.651

6

.608

.770

.594

Within Groups

252.814

320

.790

 

 

Total

256.465

326

 

 

 

yjpjcy

 

 

Between Groups

14.633

6

2.439

3.527

.002

Within Groups

221.263

320

.691

 

 

Total

235.896

326

 

 

 

yjgt

 

 

Between Groups

9.183

6

1.530

1.920

.077

Within Groups

255.062

320

.797

 

 

Total

264.245

326

 

 

 

 

4不同年龄对激励机制偏好的影响。第二组至第七组的激励机制偏好描述性结果如表14所示,各组之间的方差分析如表15所示。15显示,激励机制7个变量中,不同年龄的管理控制偏好差异出现在团队基础货币性激励和长期激励,中间年龄段的调查对象,对团队基础货币性激励的偏好显著高于其他年龄段,年龄越少越是偏好长期激励。

14 不同年龄的激励机制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

gr

2

25

2.4400

.82057

.16411

1.00

3.00

 

3

51

2.5294

.75771

.10610

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

2.4559

.81833

.09924

1.00

4.00

 

5

75

2.5067

.79480

.09178

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

2.4937

.81451

.09164

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.2222

.93370

.17969

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4679

.80910

.04474

1.00

5.00

td

2

25

2.6000

1.04083

.20817

1.00

5.00

 

3

51

2.8235

.81746

.11447

1.00

4.00

 

4

68

2.9706

1.05052

.12739

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

3.0933

.79140

.09138

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

2.7468

1.07975

.12148

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.2593

1.02254

.19679

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.8379

.98518

.05448

1.00

5.00

cq

2

25

3.5600

.96090

.19218

2.00

5.00

 

3

51

3.0392

.77358

.10832

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

3.0294

1.03622

.12566

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

3.3333

.89039

.10281

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

3.1772

.94407

.10622

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.6296

.96668

.18604

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

3.1437

.94681

.05236

1.00

5.00

dq

2

25

1.9600

1.09848

.21970

1.00

4.00

 

3

51

2.3725

.82367

.11534

1.00

4.00

 

4

68

2.3676

1.00602

.12200

1.00

4.00

 

5

75

2.3333

.81096

.09364

1.00

4.00

 

6

79

2.3544

.98759

.11111

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.2222

1.05003

.20208

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.3180

.94142

.05206

1.00

5.00

gp

2

25

3.6400

1.55134

.31027

1.00

5.00

 

3

51

3.4510

1.13690

.15920

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

3.3529

1.15597

.14018

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

3.6667

1.09462

.12640

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

3.5570

1.20625

.13571

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

3.3333

1.24035

.23870

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.5138

1.18747

.06567

1.00

5.00

pj

2

25

4.0400

1.17189

.23438

1.00

5.00

 

3

51

3.7843

1.08284

.15163

1.00

5.00

 

4

68

3.5441

1.30937

.15878

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

3.6667

1.13105

.13060

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

3.7595

1.10029

.12379

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

3.4815

1.22067

.23492

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.6972

1.16312

.06432

1.00

5.00

xq

2

25

2.5600

.96090

.19218

1.00

5.00

 

3

51

2.6471

.79558

.11140

1.00

4.00

 

4

68

2.7500

.79879

.09687

1.00

5.00

 

5

75

2.7200

.81473

.09408

1.00

5.00

 

6

79

2.7089

.75366

.08479

1.00

5.00

 

7

27

2.3333

.78446

.15097

1.00

3.00

 

Total

327

2.6697

.80323

.04442

1.00

5.00

 

15 不同年龄的激励机制偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

gr

Between Groups

2.019

6

.337

.509

.801

Within Groups

211.394

320

.661

 

 

Total

213.413

326

 

 

 

td

Between Groups

18.088

6

3.015

3.234

.004

Within Groups

298.322

320

.932

 

 

Total

316.410

326

 

 

 

cq

Between Groups

15.740

6

2.623

3.036

.007

Within Groups

276.505

320

.864

 

 

Total

292.245

326

 

 

 

dq

Between Groups

4.824

6

.804

.906

.491

Within Groups

284.100

320

.888

 

 

Total

288.924

326

 

 

 

gp

Between Groups

5.611

6

.935

.659

.683

Within Groups

454.077

320

1.419

 

 

Total

459.688

326

 

 

 

pj

Between Groups

6.735

6

1.122

.827

.550

Within Groups

434.293

320

1.357

 

 

Total

441.028

326

 

 

 

xq

Between Groups

4.349

6

.725

1.126

.347

Within Groups

205.981

320

.644

 

 

Total

210.330

326

 

 

 

 

3.不同性别对管理控制偏好的影响

为了检验性别是否会影响管理控制偏好,本文分别检验女性(用1表示)和男性(用2表示)的管理控制偏好各维度的差异显著性。

1)不同性别对组织控制偏好的影响。不同性别的组织控制偏好描述性结果如表16所示,两组之间的方差分析如表17所示。表17显示,组织控制偏好六个变量中,不同性别之间的组织控制偏好差异出现在集权程度,男性对集权的偏好显著高于女性。

16 不同性别的组织控制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

jqfq

1

109

2.5376

.95324

.09130

1.00

4.60

 

2

218

2.7817

.79377

.05376

1.00

4.80

 

Total

327

2.7003

.85657

.04737

1.00

4.80

zgh

1

109

2.2798

.78375

.07507

1.00

3.50

 

2

218

2.3337

.68319

.04627

1.00

4.50

 

Total

327

2.3157

.71752

.03968

1.00

4.50

xwkz

1

109

3.0000

1.07152

.10263

1.00

5.00

 

2

218

3.1468

.91406

.06191

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.0979

.97021

.05365

1.00

5.00

jgkz

1

109

2.4037

.81785

.07834

1.00

4.00

 

2

218

2.5183

.85982

.05823

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4801

.84654

.04681

1.00

5.00

jin

1

109

2.2844

.91380

.08753

1.00

4.00

 

2

218

2.4587

.82621

.05596

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4006

.85895

.04750

1.00

5.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

song

1

109

2.9725

1.28711

.12328

1.00

5.00

 

2

218

3.1468

1.00529

.06809

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.0887

1.10829

.06129

1.00

5.00

 

17 不同性别的组织控制偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

jqfq

Between Groups

4.328

1

4.328

5.988

.015

Within Groups

234.862

325

.723

 

 

Total

239.190

326

 

 

 

zgh

Between Groups

.211

1

.211

.409

.523

Within Groups

167.625

325

.516

 

 

Total

167.836

326

 

 

 

xwkz

Between Groups

1.566

1

1.566

1.667