第五章 各民族管理控制偏好实证研究(三) 

22 不同性别的激励机制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

gr

1

109

2.4220

.80845

.07744

1.00

4.00

 

2

218

2.4908

.81031

.05488

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4679

.80910

.04474

1.00

5.00

td

1

109

2.7890

1.06348

.10186

1.00

5.00

 

2

218

2.8624

.94521

.06402

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.8379

.98518

.05448

1.00

5.00

cq

1

109

3.0917

.98640

.09448

1.00

5.00

 

2

218

3.1697

.92761

.06283

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.1437

.94681

.05236

1.00

5.00

dq

1

109

2.1101

.96551

.09248

1.00

4.00

 

2

218

2.4220

.91373

.06189

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.3180

.94142

.05206

1.00

5.00

gp

1

109

3.4037

1.30611

.12510

1.00

5.00

 

2

218

3.5688

1.12260

.07603

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.5138

1.18747

.06567

1.00

5.00

pj

1

109

3.7064

1.30741

.12523

1.00

5.00

 

2

218

3.6927

1.08702

.07362

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.6972

1.16312

.06432

1.00

5.00

xq

1

109

2.6330

.88883

.08513

1.00

5.00

 

2

218

2.6881

.75833

.05136

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.6697

.80323

.04442

1.00

5.00

 

23 不同性别的激励机制偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

gr

Between Groups

.344

1

.344

.525

.469

Within Groups

213.069

325

.656

 

 

Total

213.413

326

 

 

 

td

Between Groups

.391

1

.391

.403

.526

Within Groups

316.018

325

.972

 

 

Total

316.410

326

 

 

 

cq

Between Groups

.442

1

.442

.492

.483

Within Groups

291.803

325

.898

 

 

Total

292.245

326

 

 

 

dq

Between Groups

7.070

1

7.070

8.153

.005

Within Groups

281.853

325

.867

 

 

Total

288.924

326

 

 

 

gp

Between Groups

1.982

1

1.982

1.407

.236

Within Groups

457.706

325

1.408

 

 

Total

459.688

326

 

 

 

pj

Between Groups

.014

1

.014

.010

.920

Within Groups

441.014

325

1.357

 

 

Total

441.028

326

 

 

 

xq

Between Groups

.220

1

.220

.341

.560

Within Groups

210.110

325

.646

 

 

Total

210.330

326

 

 

 

 

4.不同教育程度管理控制偏好的影响

为了检验教育程度是否会影响管理控制偏好,本文将教育程度作如下区分:初中及其以下,中专或高中,大专或大学,硕士及其以上。调查对象中硕士及其以上只有一个,不作为分析对象,所以,将前三个组分别用123标识。

1)不同教育程度对组织控制偏好的影响。不同教育程度的组织控制偏好如表24所示,方差分析如表25所示。表25显示,组织控制的六个变量中,不同教育程度的偏好差异出现在集权程度,教育程度越高越偏好集权。

24 不同教育程度的组织控制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

jqfq

1

67

2.4478

.86486

.10566

1.00

3.80

 

2

123

2.7431

.72362

.06525

1.00

4.00

 

3

136

2.7971

.93460

.08014

1.00

4.80

 

Total

327

2.7003

.85657

.04737

1.00

4.80

zgh

1

67

2.3657

.59881

.07316

1.00

3.25

 

2

123

2.3720

.66172

.05967

1.00

3.50

 

3

136

2.2408

.81389

.06979

1.00

4.50

 

Total

327

2.3157

.71752

.03968

1.00

4.50

xwkz

1

67

2.9403

.69371

.08475

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

3.1789

.89656

.08084

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

3.1029

1.13711

.09751

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.0979

.97021

.05365

1.00

5.00

jgkz

1

67

2.4925

.78573

.09599

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.4146

.85820

.07738

1.00

4.00

 

3

136

2.5368

.86844

.07447

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4801

.84654

.04681

1.00

5.00

jin

1

67

2.3731

.86753

.10599

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.4878

.77211

.06962

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

2.3456

.92198

.07906

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.4006

.85895

.04750

1.00

5.00

song

1

67

3.0896

1.21520

.14846

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.0488

1.07775

.09718

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

3.1103

1.07959

.09257

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.0887

1.10829

.06129

1.00

5.00

 

25 不同教育程度的组织控制偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

jqfq

Between Groups

8.022

3

2.674

3.736

.012

Within Groups

231.168

323

.716

 

 

Total

239.190

326

 

 

 

zgh

Between Groups

1.324

3

.441

.856

.464

Within Groups

166.513

323

.516

 

 

Total

167.836

326

 

 

 

xwkz

Between Groups

2.483

3

.828

.878

.452

Within Groups

304.385

323

.942

 

 

Total

306.869

326

 

 

 

jgkz

Between Groups

1.205

3

.402

.558

.643

Within Groups

232.416

323

.720

 

 

Total

233.621

326

 

 

 

jin

Between Groups

3.359

3

1.120

1.525

.208

Within Groups

237.161

323

.734

 

 

Total

240.520

326

 

 

 

song

Between Groups

3.913

3

1.304

1.062

.365

Within Groups

396.516

323

1.228

 

 

Total

400.428

326

 

 

 

 

2)不同教育程度对预算控制偏好的影响。不同教育程度的预算控制偏好如表26所示,方差分析如表27所示。表27显示,在预算控制的五个变量中,不同教育程度对预算控制偏好的差异出现在预算强调和预算相关沟通,中等教育程度的调查对象对预算强调和预算相关沟通的偏好显著高于其他教育程度的调查对象。

26 不同教育程度的预算控制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

ysqd

1

67

2.4537

.49980

.06106

1.30

3.80

 

2

123

2.7146

.62682

.05652

1.00

4.40

 

3

136

2.5213

.64778

.05555

1.00

3.80

 

Total

327

2.5789

.61938

.03425

1.00

4.40

ysgt

1

67

2.5885

.49784

.06082

1.14

3.43

 

2

123

2.8420

.54676

.04930

1.00

4.93

 

3

136

2.6970

.69566

.05965

1.00

4.29

 

Total

327

2.7276

.61059

.03377

1.00

4.93

yssc

1

67

2.8545

.52250

.06383

1.00

3.50

 

2

123

2.8923

.56728

.05115

1.00

4.75

 

3

136

2.8309

.73086

.06267

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.8593

.63064

.03487

1.00

5.00

yscy

1

67

2.3955

.67300

.08222

1.00

4.25

 

2

123

2.5346

.67775

.06111

1.00

4.75

 

3

136

2.5349

.74546

.06392

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.5054

.70505

.03899

1.00

5.00

ysxgx

1

67

3.0746

.58839

.07188

1.33

4.00

 

2

123

3.1409

.63591

.05734

1.00

4.00

 

3

136

2.9804

.78438

.06726

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.0581

.69497

.03843

1.00

5.00

 

27 不同教育程度的预算控制偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

ysqd

Between Groups

3.996

3

1.332

3.554

.015

Within Groups

121.068

323

.375

 

 

Total

125.064

326

 

 

 

ysgt

Between Groups

3.377

3

1.126

3.077

.028

Within Groups

118.162

323

.366

 

 

Total

121.539

326

 

 

 

yssc

Between Groups

.265

3

.088

.220

.882

Within Groups

129.389

323

.401

 

 

Total

129.654

326

 

 

 

yscy

Between Groups

1.097

3

.366

.734

.532

Within Groups

160.956

323

.498

 

 

Total

162.053

326

 

 

 

ysxgx

Between Groups

2.209

3

.736

1.532

.206

Within Groups

155.243

323

.481

 

 

Total

157.452

326

 

 

 

 

3)不同教育程度对业绩评价偏好的影响。不同教育程度的业绩评价偏好如表28所示,方差分析如表29所示。表29显示,在业绩评价的10个变量中,不同教育程度对业绩评价的偏好差异出现在业绩评价的监视作用js、业绩评价的合法性说明作用hf、以结果为基础的业绩评价jg、客观业绩评价kg和业绩评价参与性yjpjcy这五个方面,中等教育程度的调查对象对监视作用js的偏好显著高于其他调查对象,中等教育程度对业绩评价的合法性说明作用hf的偏好显著高于其他调查对象,教育程度越低越偏好以结果为基础的业绩评价jg,中等教育程度对客观业绩评价kg的偏好显著高于其他调查对象,中等教育程度对业绩评价参与性yjpjcy的偏好显著高于其他调查对象。

28 不同教育程度的业绩评价偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

js

1

67

2.7015

.79801

.09749

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.7398

.75571

.06814

1.00

4.00

 

3

136

2.4485

.83284

.07142

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.6116

.80580

.04456

1.00

5.00

zyl

1

67

2.6269

.62367

.07619

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.6992

.85828

.07739

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

2.4265

.93992

.08060

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.5719

.85813

.04745

1.00

5.00

jc

1

67

2.5522

.82174

.10039

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.6667

.74291

.06699

1.00

4.00

 

3

136

2.4338

.88361

.07577

1.00

5.00

 

4

1

3.0000

.

.

3.00

3.00

 

Total

327

2.5474

.82338

.04553

1.00

5.00

hf

1

67

3.0299

.86987

.10627

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

3.4634

.92588

.08348

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

3.3456

1.02833

.08818

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.3242

.96827

.05355

1.00

5.00

jg

1

67

3.7015

.87065

.10637

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.4309

.89700

.08088

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

3.3750

.99582

.08539

1.00

6.00

 

Total

327

3.4679

.94222

.05210

1.00

6.00

xw

1

67

3.2836

.98174

.11994

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.3089

.82114

.07404

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

3.2500

1.06632

.09144

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.2783

.95878

.05302

1.00

5.00

zg

1

67

2.7612

.79942

.09767

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.9024

.78317

.07062

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

2.6324

.83274

.07141

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.7615

.81285

.04495

1.00

5.00

kg

1

67

2.2836

.93430

.11414

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.6585

.71091

.06410

1.00

4.00

 

3

136

2.6250

.97325

.08346

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.5627

.88696

.04905

1.00

5.00

yjpjcy

1

67

2.1791

.90328

.11035

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

2.4553

.70423

.06350

1.00

4.00

 

3

136

2.4485

.92552

.07936

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.3914

.85065

.04704

1.00

5.00

yjgt

1

67

2.0299

.93695

.11447

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

2.0976

.88164

.07949

1.00

5.00

 

29 不同教育程度的业绩评价偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

js

Between Groups

6.331

3

2.110

3.320

.020

Within Groups

205.344

323

.636

 

 

Total

211.676

326

 

 

 

zyl

Between Groups

5.255

3

1.752

2.410

.067

Within Groups

234.806

323

.727

 

 

Total

240.061

326

 

 

 

jc

Between Groups

3.710

3

1.237

1.838

.140

Within Groups

217.305

323

.673

 

 

Total

221.015

326

 

 

 

hf

Between Groups

8.356

3

2.785

3.026

.030

Within Groups

297.283

323

.920

 

 

Total

305.639

326

 

 

 

jg

Between Groups

7.345

3

2.448

2.804

.040

Within Groups

282.067

323

.873

 

 

Total

289.413

326

 

 

 

xw

Between Groups

.304

3

.101

.109

.955

Within Groups

299.372

323

.927

 

 

Total

299.676

326

 

 

 

zg

Between Groups

4.768

3

1.589

2.438

.065

Within Groups

210.626

323

.652

 

 

Total

215.394

326

 

 

 

kg

Between Groups

9.319

3

3.106

4.060

.007

Within Groups

247.145

323

.765

 

 

Total

256.465

326

 

 

 

yjpjcy

Between Groups

5.902

3

1.967

2.763

.042

Within Groups

229.995

323

.712

 

 

Total

235.896

326

 

 

 

yjgt

Between Groups

3.975

3

1.325

1.644

.179

Within Groups

260.270

323

.806

 

 

Total

264.245

326

 

 

 

 

4)不同教育程度对激励机制偏好的影响。不同教育程度的激励机制偏好如表30所示,方差分析如表31所示。表31显示,在激励机制的7个变量中,不同教育程度对其偏好差异出现在公平分配规则方面,教育程度越低越是偏好公平分配规则。

30 不同教育程度的激励机制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

gr

1

67

2.4478

.76443

.09339

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.5935

.72244

.06514

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

2.3603

.89171

.07646

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4679

.80910

.04474

1.00

5.00

td

1

67

2.7015

.93768

.11456

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.9024

.90910

.08197

1.00

5.00

 

3

136

2.8529

1.07172

.09190

1.00