第五章 各民族管理控制偏好实证研究(四)  

5.不同岗位管理控制偏好的影响

为了检验不同岗位是否会影响管理控制偏好,本文将岗位将如下区分:公司副总经理及其以上,有一个或多个下级的管理人员,没有下级的员工,分别用1,23表示。

1)不同岗位对组织控制偏好的影响。不同岗位的组织控制偏好如表32所示,方差分析如表33所示。33显示,在组织控制六个变量中,不同岗位的偏好差异出现在集权程度jqfq、紧的控制jin和松的控制song这三个维度,岗位层级越高越是偏好集权,岗位层级越高越是偏好松的控制,较低层级岗位对紧的控制的偏好程度显著低于中高级岗位。

32 不同岗位的组织控制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

jqfq

1

34

3.2294

.89325

.15319

1.00

4.80

 

2

123

2.6878

.88675

.07996

1.00

4.60

 

3

170

2.6035

.79122

.06068

1.00

4.40

 

Total

327

2.7003

.85657

.04737

1.00

4.80

zgh

1

34

2.2132

.78367

.13440

1.00

3.00

 

2

123

2.2886

.74591

.06726

1.00

4.50

 

3

170

2.3559

.68357

.05243

1.00

3.50

 

Total

327

2.3157

.71752

.03968

1.00

4.50

xwkz

1

34

3.1765

1.24245

.21308

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.0488

1.03902

.09369

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

3.1176

.85536

.06560

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.0979

.97021

.05365

1.00

5.00

jgkz

1

34

2.5882

.82085

.14077

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.3659

.84221

.07594

1.00

4.00

 

3

170

2.5412

.85038

.06522

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4801

.84654

.04681

1.00

5.00

jin

1

34

2.0588

.88561

.15188

1.00

3.00

 

2

123

2.2764

.90808

.08188

1.00

4.00

 

3

170

2.5588

.78413

.06014

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4006

.85895

.04750

1.00

5.00

song

1

34

3.5000

1.02247

.17535

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.3252

1.09766

.09897

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.8353

1.07524

.08247

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.0887

1.10829

.06129

1.00

5.00

 

33 不同岗位的组织控制偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

jqfq

Between Groups

11.130

2

5.565

7.906

.000

Within Groups

228.060

324

.704

 

 

Total

239.190

326

 

 

 

zgh

Between Groups

.722

2

.361

.700

.498

Within Groups

167.115

324

.516

 

 

Total

167.836

326

 

 

 

xwkz

Between Groups

.573

2

.286

.303

.739

Within Groups

306.296

324

.945

 

 

Total

306.869

326

 

 

 

jgkz

Between Groups

2.637

2

1.319

1.850

.159

Within Groups

230.984

324

.713

 

 

Total

233.621

326

 

 

 

jin

Between Groups

10.124

2

5.062

7.119

.001

Within Groups

230.396

324

.711

 

 

Total

240.520

326

 

 

 

song

Between Groups

23.548

2

11.774

10.122

.000

Within Groups

376.880

324

1.163

 

 

Total

400.428

326

 

 

 

 

2)不同岗位对预算控制偏好的影响。不同岗位的预算控制偏好如表34所示,方差分析如表35所示。表35显示,不同岗位对预算控制五个维度的偏好均没有显著差异。

34 不同岗位的预算控制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

ysqd

1

34

2.5176

.62157

.10660

1.00

3.40

 

2

123

2.5423

.63220

.05700

1.00

4.00

 

3

170

2.6176

.61059

.04683

1.00

4.40

 

Total

327

2.5789

.61938

.03425

1.00

4.40

ysgt

1

34

2.6849

.58668

.10061

1.07

3.64

 

2

123

2.6847

.66611

.06006

1.00

4.29

 

3

170

2.7672

.57303

.04395

1.00

4.93

 

Total

327

2.7276

.61059

.03377

1.00

4.93

yssc

1

34

2.8162

.66660

.11432

1.25

3.75

 

2

123

2.8740

.66482

.05994

1.00

4.75

 

3

170

2.8574

.60068

.04607

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.8593

.63064

.03487

1.00

5.00

yscy

1

34

2.4265

.57251

.09818

1.00

3.50

 

2

123

2.4837

.71125

.06413

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.5368

.72603

.05568

1.00

4.75

 

Total

327

2.5054

.70505

.03899

1.00

5.00

ysxgx

1

34

3.0098

.68404

.11731

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

3.0407

.74363

.06705

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

3.0804

.66326

.05087

1.00

4.33

 

Total

327

3.0581

.69497

.03843

1.00

5.00

 

35 不同岗位的预算控制偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

ysqd

Between Groups

.548

2

.274

.713

.491

Within Groups

124.517

324

.384

 

 

Total

125.064

326

 

 

 

ysgt

Between Groups

.556

2

.278

.744

.476

Within Groups

120.983

324

.373

 

 

Total

121.539

326

 

 

 

yssc

Between Groups

.090

2

.045

.113

.893

Within Groups

129.564

324

.400

 

 

Total

129.654

326

 

 

 

yscy

Between Groups

.437

2

.218

.438

.646

Within Groups

161.616

324

.499

 

 

Total

162.053

326

 

 

 

ysxgx

Between Groups

.201

2

.101

.207

.813

Within Groups

157.250

324

.485

 

 

Total

157.452

326

 

 

 

 

3)不同岗位对业绩评价偏好的影响。不同岗位的业绩评价偏好如表36所示,方差分析如表37所示。37显示,在业绩评价的10个变量中,不同岗位的偏好差异出现在注意力指引zyl和业绩评价参与性yjpjcy,低层级岗位对注意力指引zyl的偏好显著高于中高层级岗位,低层级岗位对业绩评价参与性yjpjcy的偏好显著高于中高层级岗位。

 

36 不同岗位的业绩评价偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

js

1

34

2.4412

.85957

.14741

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.5366

.80258

.07237

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.7000

.79085

.06066

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.6116

.80580

.04456

1.00

5.00

zyl

1

34

2.1176

.87956

.15084

1.00

3.00

 

2

123

2.5366

.82276

.07419

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.6882

.85130

.06529

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.5719

.85813

.04745

1.00

5.00

jc

1

34

2.2353

.88963

.15257

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.6016

.87534

.07893

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.5706

.76015

.05830

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.5474

.82338

.04553

1.00

5.00

hf

1

34

3.3235

1.14734

.19677

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.3821

.93669

.08446

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

3.2824

.95597

.07332

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.3242

.96827

.05355

1.00

5.00

jg

1

34

3.7059

.83591

.14336

2.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.4959

1.06643

.09616

1.00

6.00

 

3

170

3.4000

.85934

.06591

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.4679

.94222

.05210

1.00

6.00

xw

1

34

3.5000

.99240

.17019

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.2276

.95654

.08625

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

3.2706

.95320

.07311

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.2783

.95878

.05302

1.00

5.00

zg

1

34

2.7941

.76986

.13203

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.8211

.85921

.07747

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.7118

.78776

.06042

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.7615

.81285

.04495

1.00

5.00

kg

1

34

2.7059

.93839

.16093

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

2.4390

.99298

.08953

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.6235

.78411

.06014

1.00

4.00

 

Total

327

2.5627

.88696

.04905

1.00

5.00

yjpjcy

1

34

2.0294

.93696

.16069

1.00

3.00

 

2

123

2.3333

.89320

.08054

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.5059

.77876

.05973

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.3914

.85065

.04704

1.00

5.00

yjgt

1

34

2.0000

.85280

.14625

1.00

3.00

 

2

123

2.0976

.96168

.08671

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.2059

.86275

.06617

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.1437

.90031

.04979

1.00

5.00

 

37 不同岗位的业绩评价偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

js

Between Groups

3.008

2

1.504

2.335

.098

Within Groups

208.668

324

.644

 

 

Total

211.676

326

 

 

 

zyl

Between Groups

9.470

2

4.735

6.653

.001

Within Groups

230.591

324

.712

 

 

Total

240.061

326

 

 

 

jc

Between Groups

3.765

2

1.883

2.808

.062

Within Groups

217.250

324

.671

 

 

Total

221.015

326

 

 

 

hf

Between Groups

.710

2

.355

.377

.686

Within Groups

304.929

324

.941

 

 

Total

305.639

326

 

 

 

jg

Between Groups

2.806

2

1.403

1.586

.206

Within Groups

286.607

324

.885

 

 

Total

289.413

326

 

 

 

xw

Between Groups

1.997

2

.998

1.087

.339

Within Groups

297.679

324

.919

 

 

Total

299.676

326

 

 

 

zg

Between Groups

.894

2

.447

.675

.510

Within Groups

214.500

324

.662

 

 

Total

215.394

326

 

 

 

kg

Between Groups

3.207

2

1.604

2.052

.130

Within Groups

253.257

324

.782

 

 

Total

256.465

326

 

 

 

yjpjcy

Between Groups

7.098

2

3.549

5.026

.007

Within Groups

228.798

324

.706

 

 

Total

235.896

326

 

 

 

yjgt

Between Groups

1.621

2

.811

1.000

.369

Within Groups

262.623

324

.811

 

 

Total

264.245

326

 

 

 

4)不同岗位对激励机制偏好的影响。不同岗位的激励机制偏好如表38所示,方差分析如表39所示。39显示,在激励机制的七个变量中,不同岗位的偏好出现在个人业绩基础的货币性激励gr、长期激励cq、公平分配规则gp和需求规则xq,中等层级的岗位对个人业绩基础的货币性激励gr的偏好显著高于其他类型的岗位,岗位层级越高越是偏好长期激励cq,中等层级的岗位对公平分配规则gp的偏好显著高于其他类型的岗位,较低层级岗位对需求规则xq的偏好显著高于其他各类型的岗位。

38 不同岗位的激励机制偏好(维吾尔族)

 

 

N

Mean

Std.Deviation

Std. Error

Minimum

Maximum

gr

1

34

2.1765

.90355

.15496

1.00

4.00

 

2

123

2.5935

.81821

.07378

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.4353

.76842

.05893

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.4679

.80910

.04474

1.00

5.00

td

1

34

2.8824

1.20012

.20582

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

2.9431

1.03465

.09329

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.7529

.89583

.06871

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.8379

.98518

.05448

1.00

5.00

cq

1

34

3.5294

1.05127

.18029

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.3171

.96934

.08740

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.9412

.86144

.06607

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.1437

.94681

.05236

1.00

5.00

dq

1

34

2.2647

.89811

.15402

1.00

3.00

 

2

123

2.1789

1.06380

.09592

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

2.4294

.84143

.06453

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.3180

.94142

.05206

1.00

5.00

gp

1

34

3.5882

1.20900

.20734

1.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.7317

1.20159

.10834

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

3.3412

1.15182

.08834

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.5138

1.18747

.06567

1.00

5.00

pj

1

34

3.8235

.86936

.14909

2.00

5.00

 

2

123

3.8374

1.21719

.10975

1.00

5.00

 

3

170

3.5706

1.16572

.08941

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

3.6972

1.16312

.06432

1.00

5.00

xq

1

34

2.2941

.87141

.14945

1.00

3.00

 

2

123

2.6829

.75005

.06763

1.00

4.00

 

3

170

2.7353

.81076

.06218

1.00

5.00

 

Total

327

2.6697

.80323

.04442

1.00

5.00

 

39 不同岗位的激励机制偏好(维吾尔族)ANOVA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

F

Sig.

gr

Between Groups

5.009

2

2.504

3.893

.021

Within Groups

208.404

324

.643

 

 

Total

213.413

326

 

 

 

td

Between Groups

2.655

2

1.328

1.371

.255

Within Groups

313.755

324

.968

 

 

Total

316.410

326

 

 

 

cq

Between Groups

15.728

2

7.864

9.214

.000

Within Groups

276.516

324

.853

 

 

Total

292.245

326

 

 

 

dq

Between Groups

4.588

2

2.294

2.614

.075

Within Groups

284.336

324

.878

 

 

Total

288.924

326

 

 

 

gp

Between Groups

11.095

2

5.547

4.007

.019

Within Groups

448.593

324

1.385

 

 

Total

459.688

326

 

 

 

pj

Between Groups

5.685

2

2.843

2.116

.122

Within Groups

435.342

324

1.344

 

 

Total

441.028

326

 

 

 

xq

Between Groups

5.549

2

2.775

4.390

.013

Within Groups

204.781

324

.632

 

 

Total

210.330

326